在花园里种蘑菇的5个理由 & 农场

by 安吉Lavezzo, CFSA通讯协调员|,11月1日星期一. 1, 2021 –

粉红色平菇在生长袋

自己种蘑菇有很多很好的理由, 你的家人, 和你的客户,很难选择只有五个. 蘑菇比较容易种植. 如此之多以至于所有50个州都有蘑菇农场. 虽然你不需要成为一个成熟的蘑菇农场, they can be an excellent addition to diversify your garden crops or farm income.

Growing enough 蘑菇 to feed 你的家人 和 extra to sell at a farmers market or to restaurants will take very little of 你的时间. 事实上, 初始设置完成后, 蘑菇 may end up being your best-yielding crop when you compare the time spent caring for your 日志 和 bags to the amount of food you get in return.

在bobapp苹果深入探究为什么之前,让bobapp苹果回顾一下基础知识. 蘑菇是如何生长的?? Some types of 蘑菇 are grown in soil but tend to be more complicated to start with. 对于初学者来说, inoculating 日志 or sterilizing a growing medium like sawdust or wood chips, 接种的媒介, 而将其装入塑料袋则是更容易实现的项目. Both log 和 bag methods have different advantages 和 disadvantages that deserve consideration.

把蘑菇比作蔬菜作物, think of mycelium like the roots of your mushroom crop—lots of activity happens in the growing medium that you can’t see before it fruits. 随着菌丝的生长,这被称为在行业中运行. Mycelium will run through the growing medium completely before it begins to fruit to gauge how much food source is available. Grow bags are generally kept inside 和 fruit more frequently than 日志. The loose material allows the mycelium to move quickly, 和 fruiting will start within a few months. 原木由于密度大,需要的时间要长得多. 这取决于用于接种的木材和蘑菇的类型, it can take anywhere from six months to two years for fruiting to begin. 然而,在停止结果之前,原木可以保存很多年. 与此形成鲜明对比的是, growing bags need replacing approximately every year to keep the fruit production cycle going.

 

你可以选择投资多少钱

You can start growing 蘑菇 with very little up-front investment. 为有效接种, 原木必须是新鲜的绿色, 不超过2-4个月, 视季节而定. 如果你有财产,要修剪树木, 日志 可以通过这种方式得到吗. They can also be found for little to no money using online selling 平台s like Craigslist. 需要外界的帮助? Get in touch with a local tree-trimming company 和 let them know what you’re looking for. You can also ask the company you purchase the mushroom spawn from what types of wood will be best for the different types of 蘑菇 you are interested in growing.

事实上, 初始设置完成后, 蘑菇 may end up being your best-yielding crop when you compare the time spent caring for your 日志 和 bags to the amount of food you get in return.

可以说, growing 蘑菇 in bags is the more sustainable option due to this method’s ability to use recycled substrate. 所有预算均可使用, 基质生长的蘑菇是在木片之类的自由材料上生长的, 咖啡渣, 或者啤酒厂的废谷物. 你可以花钱买包, but crops can be successfully grown using recycled 塑料 grocery bags as well.

As far as investment goes, the main expenditures are purchasing spawn to inoculate your material 和 你的时间 设置您的操作. That’s not to suggest there isn’t time spent on maintenance, but it is minimal. 你的回报是值得的, as fresh 蘑菇 currently sell at farmers’ markets for between $12-$25 a pound, 取决于种类. Dried 蘑菇 fetch similar prices when accounting for the weight difference. This high market price is unlikely to go down any time soon 和 can be a 重要的 profit over the production life of your 蘑菇.

 

在未使用的地方种植蘑菇

如果你想想蘑菇自然生长的地方, those areas are typically not used to grow traditional vegetable crops. 蘑菇的 低劳动和环境 requirements can be an excellent opportunity to use areas that are wooded or too shady to grow anything else. Setting up mushroom 日志 or building a simple structure to protect bags of substrate-grown 蘑菇 can be done in an afternoon 和 can last for years.


土壤上生长的白钮扣蘑菇

 

干蘑菇和新鲜蘑菇都很受欢迎

Versatility is one of the best things about growing 蘑菇 as a market crop. What can’t be sold fresh can be dried 和 then sold packaged throughout the year. Mushrooms are easy to dry; some farmers don’t even bother selling them fresh 和 take harvests straight to the dehydrator. 鲜蘑菇和干蘑菇的市场很火爆. 在过去的十年里,销售量一直在稳步上升, 随着2019-2020年蘑菇产量的大幅增长 $1.150亿年 在美国.S.

 

为您的家人提供另一种高营养食物来源 & 客户

Mushrooms are extraordinarily versatile to cook with—happy as the star of a dish or in a supporting role. Their meaty texture 和 savory, umami flavor make them beloved by vegetarians 和 meat-eaters alike. 蘑菇中的蛋白质包含所有9种必需氨基酸. 膳食纤维, 重要的 抗炎和 提高免疫力的 好处:蘑菇有助于优雅的老化. 有这么多好处, 蘑菇 are a tasty crop that you can feel good about offering your community. A bonus for how cool 和 versatile 蘑菇 are, they are also being used to 使织物,新型可生物降解"塑料,” 和 there are exciting studies of mycelium species that show the ability to 吃塑料. bobapp苹果蘑菇的研究很有前景 医学 精神卫生. All these combined are giving 蘑菇 a well-deserved moment in the spotlight.

螺旋状蘑菇,照片来源:蘑菇山

 

开垦土壤,改善动物饲料

蘑菇是世界上的堆肥者, 和 growing 蘑菇 means you can have a steady supply of high-quality organic material ready for your garden beds, 字段, 或者放到你的堆肥堆里. Like spent brewery grains, spent mushroom substrate can also be an excellent addition to 动物饲料,提供额外的营养和抗氧化剂.

 

学习如何亲自种植蘑菇

加入bobapp苹果的半天集训, 蘑菇农场栽培简介,与Tradd Cotter在蘑菇山在伊斯利,SC 11月11日. 15, 2021. Tradd是 蘑菇山 的作者 有机蘑菇种植和菌核降解. All aspects of what it takes to get started growing 和 maintaining production will be covered. This is a unique, h和s-on opportunity to learn from a mushroom farmer with decades of experience.

除了 蘑菇农场栽培简介, Tradd will lead two virtual workshops as part of the 2021年可持续农业会议: 在家种蘑菇的四种简单方法 用巴氏消毒法培育蘑菇 & 消毒基质.

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2021年可持续农业大会标志今年11月,CFSA的 可持续农业会议 will virtually gather a community of people who are growing a sustainable local food system in the Carolinas. 请加入bobapp苹果的SAC 2021学习, 分享知识, 使有价值的连接, 和老朋友见面. 如果你还没有参加,bobapp苹果邀请你今年加入bobapp苹果.

通过阅读这篇文章来了解更多bobapp苹果今年会议的信息 囊2021项目. 登记将持续到11月. 所以现在报名还不算晚!

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